Women should beware of menopause

23-10-2017 Mon 13:31


Enthusiasm will wane. Interest in sex will be lost. Periods become irregular. Finally, they stop permanently. In women, these conditions are explained as Menopause. At this stage, where even the hormone production depletes, women should take care of their health.


What is this phase
representational imageIf there are no periods for 12 months at a stretch, then it can be safely concluded as Menopause. This will not happen overnight, but gradually. This phase is called Menopause transition period (starting of menopause). Every women has different experiences about this. Production of oestrogen and progesterone hormones, stops. Hormones travel all over the body, via blood circulation and help in starting or stopping, increasing or decreasing physical and chemical activities in all systems, in the body. Ovaries in women produce oestrogen and progesterone. These two hormones help in maintaining the menstrual cycle and in procreation. Ovarian follicles are reduced in Menopause. Reaction of the ovaries to Luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone, that are useful for procreation, will decrease. On the whole production of hormones decreases. This is what primarily occurs in Menopause stage. This effects the health of the individual.

At what time
Menopause begins from 45 years to 51 years of age. In some, it begins early like at 30 years. For some, it begins very late, like at 60 years of age. There are no tests to determine, when exactly menopause will begin. It has nothing to do with the age at which maturity occurred.

How to identify
representational imageWhen oestrogen hormone is reduced, its effects are seen in all the systems in the body. It affects the nervous system, urinary tract, heart, blood vessels, bones, breasts, skin, hair, mucus membranes and pelvic muscles. When these are affected, the symptoms can be seen physically. Almost all symptoms are seen in the primary phase of menopause. They will exist for several years. However, it might not be common to all. Some women step in to menopause quietly, without any symptoms or problems.

Brain and nervous system
When estrogen reduces, there are ups and downs in digestive system. This affects the brain and nervous system. As a result, there is a change in behaviour, lapse of memory, lack of concentration, irritability, fatigue, hot flushes, night time sweat, stress, anxiety and depression. Many such symptoms are seen. Sleep evades and adds to the problems.

Heart
Because of lack of oestrogen, heart and its blood vessels are affected. As a result, there is heart attack or stroke due to lack of blood supply to the brain. Also, other heart-related problems cannot be ruled out. Those who have undergone hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) or Oophorectomy (removal of ovaries), are at a higher risk of heart-related disease, as they reach menopause stage quickly. The fact that menopause could be this dangerous, depends on many factors. Among them, family history, lifestyle and food habits too play a key role.

Procreation
representational imageMenopause stalls the process of giving birth or procreation. Because the ovarian functioning is stopped and oestrogen production is reduced. Periods, that occur every month right from the time of maturity, stop with menopause. So there is no chance of getting pregnant. Periods become irregular in the starting of menopause stage. Either there is excessive discharge or there is very little bleeding. The frequency of the periods either increases or reduces. In women, periods stop for several months at a stretch, only on two occasions: When they are pregnant or when they enter menopause. If there are no periods for at least 12 months, then it can be said to be menopause. In case there is bleeding, after such a gap, then the physician has to be consulted, to check for presence of cancer.

Bones affected
After 30 years of age, bone growth is not in proportion to bone depletion. The cells will lose their moisture, due to decrease in production of oestrogen. The individuals are at a risk of Osteopenia and osteoporosis. Five to 10 years after menopause sets in, risk of fractures or bone disorders grows.

Skin
Our skin that covers the body changes, after onset of menopause. The body's capacity to retain water, decreases as the oestrogen levels are down. Skin will lose it's elasticity. Dryness increases, along with itchiness and wrinkling. Wounds do not heal soon. Oestrogen helps in the healing of wounds, which has been proved through many studies.

Kidneys
Due to decrease in oestrogen levels, kidneys become dry and shrink. They lose their elasticity. Frequency of urination increases. Urine leaks on coughing, sneezing, laughing or even carrying weights. Urinary tract infections occur frequently. Oestrogen normally prevents such infections.

Genitals
representational imageDecrease in oestrogen hormone affects the genitals and there is dryness of the vagina. Irritability and discomfort increases. Muscles shrink and lubrication is reduced. There is discomfort and pain during sexual intercourse.

How to face menopause
Menopause is unavoidable at some stage, for every woman. However, some precautions are necessary to protect the health. Women should be alert to symptoms of menopause, with advancing age. Ensure if there is any effect on any parts of the body. Problems can be resolved, if doctors are consulted, comprehensive tests are done and suggested treatments and precautions are taken.

Hormone therapy
representational imageDoctors try to replenish the decreased hormones, through external means, when ovaries stop functioning or some changes occur in the body due to hormonal imbalance, during menopause. They will recommend tablets, which are a combination of oestrogen and progestin (synthetic form of progesterone), for those who have not undergone hysterectomy.  In case only oestrogen is used, the risk of endometrial cancer increases. That is why progestin is also suggested. A tablet called Davy is available. This contains oestrogens and Bazedoxifene. Even FDA has approved this. This reduces hot flushes and osteoporosis.

For those who have got their uterus removed, doctors suggest only oestrogen therapy. For others, who are in primary phase of menopause, progesterone is suggested. Hot flushes are reduced due to this therapy. There are oral medicines that are taken as part of the hormone therapy. There is a cream or gel treatment for applying on the skin. Hormone inducing patches are stuck on the skin. Even those that can be injected via the genitals too are available. A low percentage of women have side effects due to these medications. However, if these are taken under medical supervision, they will suggest changes. Regular visits to the doctor, therapy with their suggestions and advises, will make menopause a happy phase. However, ignoring the problems due to menopause is harmful.


More Articles
Joint life insurance policy for couple...how beneficial?
2 years ago
Are you using the right charger for your phone? Check out
2 years ago
Shoot amazing videos with mobile phone
2 years ago
How to delete, block emails in Gmail?
2 years ago
Are your eyes healthy? Identify eye problems this way
2 years ago
Government services at your fingertips with these apps
2 years ago
Ways to increase height: Any options?
3 years ago
Life after death…what organs can be donated…give life to how many?
3 years ago
Phones costlier than Apple iPhone
3 years ago
Hyderabad Metro Rail halts..facilities in stations
3 years ago
Green peas curry...tasty for chapattis, paratas
3 years ago
Age for insurance cover. Need it for 100 years?
3 years ago
Shares that will go up in 2018; recommended by brokers
3 years ago
These are New Year resolutions of celebrities...what about us?
3 years ago
LIC policy that protects you from cancer... less premium, more protection
3 years ago
What do kids like... what they don't?
3 years ago
Lens resolution and not pixels make the difference in camera...unknown facts
3 years ago
What is the truth about North Korea?
3 years ago
Open zero balance account in any bank
3 years ago
Separate test for each health problem... what is known in which test?
3 years ago
Do this to increase life of phone battery, backup
3 years ago
New scooters that will arrive at your doorstep soon
3 years ago
Health insurance from banks... less premium...how worthy?
3 years ago
Has your smart phone slowed down? Here are tips to speed it up
3 years ago
Dental plaque formation, causes and care
3 years ago
Cholesterol is good...But when is it bad?
3 years ago
Make tasty panipuri at home
3 years ago
P2P platforms help easy lending, borrowing
3 years ago
Why Apple iPhone is expensive? Want it for less price?
3 years ago
Tips to cool down your heated smart phone
3 years ago
Which is better...own or rented house?
3 years ago
App that listens and types in Telugu
3 years ago
Jaundice could be dangerous if neglected
3 years ago
Sponge cake in a jiffy...no oven...with and without eggs
3 years ago
What happens when you don't repay loans
3 years ago
Yogurt, curd, dessert, paneer, cheese...what's the difference?
3 years ago
IT dept. eagle eye on bank deposits... what to do?
3 years ago
Google Tej app...transfer funds in a jiffy
3 years ago
Truths about money, you must know
3 years ago
Huge benefits with Multani Mitti
3 years ago
Advertisement
Video News
CM YS Jagan meets Amit Shah
5 minutes ago
Advertisement 36
I cook chicken nicely- MLA Raghunandan Rao and his wife Interview
53 minutes ago
Varun Tej 31st birthday celebration photos
1 hour ago
Exclusive: China has built village in Arunachal, show satellite images
1 hour ago
Varun Tej birthday celebrations at Chiranjeevi Blood Bank- Nagababu
2 hours ago
Vijayashanti comments on CM KCR and his government
3 hours ago
India sets the example amid rise of vaccine nationalism
3 hours ago
Devineni Uma harsh comments at Kodali Nani after release
3 hours ago
MP Kesineni Nani Daughter Swetha on Devineni Uma Arrest
4 hours ago
Alitho Saradaga promo: Actresses Shakeela and Anuradha reveal dark side of lives, telecast on Jan 25
4 hours ago
AP Employees JAC leaders meet Governor, oppose panchayat polls in Feb
4 hours ago
Devineni Uma released after seven hours high drama
4 hours ago
Super Over Trailer - Naveen Chandra, Chandini Chowdary
4 hours ago
Anchor Vishnu Priya latest gym workout video
5 hours ago
CBI probing insider trading in Amaravati land purchases: Sajjala
5 hours ago
TDP MLA Butchaiah Chowdary lashes out at Minister Kodali Nani
5 hours ago
SEC Nimmagadda Ramesh asks AP govt to send employees on deputation
6 hours ago
Kajal Aggarwal dancing with her nephew Ishaan
6 hours ago
'Sonu Sood Ambulances Service' launched by Sonu Sood at Tank Bund, Hyderabad
6 hours ago
YS Vijayamma, Sharmila appeared in Nampally court
6 hours ago